Romania officially expressed its intention to become a member of the UN as early as 1946. However, our country’s accession took place nine years later, on December 14th 1955, when the General Assembly decided, through Resolution nr. 995(X) to welcome Romania and other fifteen states in the UN.
In its over fifty-five years of membership, Romania has been an active presence in the main UN bodies. Thus, Romania held the General Assembly presidency for its twenty-second session (1967–1968), through Corneliu Mănescu, the Minister of Foreign Affaires at that time. Our country was a member of the Security Council in 1962, 1976-1977, 1990-1991 and 2004-2005, and of ECOSOC in 1965–1967, 1974–1976, 1978–1980, 1982–1987, 1990–1998, 2001–2003 and 2007–2009.
Romania has participated in a series of important UN committees, bodies, commissions and programs: the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC), the Conference on Disarmament (CD), the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD), the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS), the Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations of the United Nations, the Ad Hoc Committee on the Indian Ocean, theUN Committee on Information, the International Law Commission, the Committee on Contributions, theUnited Nations Economic Commission for Europe, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), theHuman Rights Committee, theUnited Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, etc.
Our country’s presence in these bodies is shaped by an international context marked by challenges which continue to claim the multilateral debate framework. The complexity of global interest issues such as climate change, global pandemics, the economic crisis, the political efforts aimed at achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), biodiversity, food security, post-conflict reconstruction, human rights, humanitarian assistance and disarmament makes Romania’s participation in this universal forum all the more significant and substantial, as its balanced approach to the separate and interconnected supporting pillars of the UN (peace and security, development and human rights) is recognized.
Romania has the possibility to participate in the decision-making process of the international organization, with a global-level and regional influence on the international situation. Romania’s participation in UN peacekeeping operations throughout the years has proven the efficiency of the Romanian army, as well as Romania’s political willingness to participate in multinational military activities for the maintaining of international stability. Romania follows the conceptual evolutions of peacekeeping operations, aiming to intensify and diversify its involvement in these operations. Thus, Romania belongs to the group of states that have manifested their willingness to participate in "stand-by" UN arrangements, with an aim at the increase of intervention efficiency in conflict situations and humanitarian emergencies.
With regards to UN priorities of maximum relevance, Romania has joined the general effort aimed at finding effective methods for the reform of the UN system. Romania has constantly argued for a more effective use of the organization’s internal resources, the elimination of parallelisms, the efficient administration of documents within the UN Secretariat, the productive use of human resources, a strict financial control and the introduction of a permanent evaluation of the cost-benefit report. Special attention has been given to the Security Council reform, aimed at enhancing its representative features and its efficiency.
The most recent debates regarding the UN and its regional organizations have concluded the need for these bodies to be founded on the principles of complementary existence and mutual support. This theme represents, together with the UN reform, one of the main Romanian objectives.
Through all its endeavors, including as a member of the European Union, Romania has constantly focused all its political and diplomatic resources towards the reflection of its national interests in the process of shaping the evolution of the UN and towards the consolidation of its regional and global political profile.
02/13/17The Ukrainian Presidency of the UN Security Council organized, on 13 February 2017, the first open debate on the protection of critical infrastructure against terrorist attacks. The event brought …
01/24/17On 24 January 2017, the President of the UN General Assembly, Peter Thomson, convened a High-Level Dialogue on “Building Sustainable Peace for all: Synergies between the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable …