Speaker: Amb. Ion JINGA
Date: October 25th, 2016
Location: UN Headquarters
Check against delivery
by H.E. Dr. Ion Jinga Permanent Representative of Romania to the United Nations
on Security Council agenda item
“Women, Peace and Security”
New York, 25 October 2016
Mr. President, I would like to thank you for organizing this annual open debate of the Security Council on Women, Peace and Security, one year after the High Level Review on the implementation of the resolution 1325.
Romania aligns itself with the statement delivered on behalf of the European Union. Now, I want to make a few remarks in my national capacity.
Before entering into our topic, allow me to recall that yesterday we celebrated the United Nations Day. 71 years ago, on 24 October 1945, the United Nations came into existence, after 29 nations have ratified the Charter signed earlier that year in San Francisco by representatives of 50 countries. Today, our organization has 193 member states, and peace and security is more actual than ever on its agenda.
I would like to thank the UN Secretary General and the Executive Director of UN Women for their tireless efforts in promoting the role of women in peacebuilding and the gender dimension of peace processes and conflict resolution.
The presentation of Ms. Rita Lopidia, (Executive Director and Co-founder of EVE Organization for Women and Development in South Sudan) has reminded us the importance of involving women in conflict prevention and peacebuilding.
Last year, the UN Security Council Resolution 2242 recognized the ongoing need for greater integration of the resolution 1325 agenda in the Council’s work. In this respect, Romania welcomes the creation of the Informal Experts Group on Women, Peace and Security aiming to greater coordination of the implementation efforts. We believe its activity has the potential to ensure that women’s perspectives are taken into account, while discussing country specific situations on the Security’s Council agenda.
According to recent statistics, when women are included in peace processes, there is a 20% increase in the probability of an agreement lasting at least 2 years, and a 35% increase in the probability of an agreement lasting at least 15 years.
Romania is of the opinion that all actors – Member States, regional organizations, civil society and the media - should continue to work on implementing the Women, Peace and Security agenda. Building and sustaining peace is a continuous process which requires large popular support and participation of all layers of society. In order to avoid repeating tragic errors of the past, every generation has to rediscover the value of peace and to build on previous generations’ achievements in preserving it. Peace is built every day by teachers in schools, youth on sport fields, workers and employees in their workplaces and offices.
Since its adoption, the resolution 1325 proved to be a valuable tool for adapting the United Nations peacebuilding architecture to the new realities. As a consequence, at the end of an extensive intergovernmental process, a new concept was endorsed by the Member States: that of sustaining peace.
Formalized through two identical resolutions adopted on 27 April 2016 by the Security Council (S/RES/2282) and, respectively, by the General Assembly (A/RES/70/262), sustaining peace is understood both as a goal and a process encompassing activities related to prevention, stabilization and post-conflict reconstruction and development.
Evidence proves the existence of a nexus between gender mainstreaming, sustaining peace and civic engagement. The experience of countries affected by conflict shows that women’s active participation in peace processes is relevant to conflict resolution. For example, in 2015, 7 out of 10 peace agreements signed included gender specific provisions. Now, women are deployed in all areas of peacekeeping operations and special political missions – police, military and civilian. More security personnel is trained to prevent and respond to sexual and gender-based violence, and more countries are implementing national action plans or related strategies.
The Global Study for the Implementation of Resolution 1325 underlines that Member States and regional organizations are the most influential actors in making the Women, Peace and Security agenda effective. Romania participated in the founding meeting of the Women, Peace and Security National Focal Points Network, at the initiative of Spain, in September 2016. We strongly believe that the network will provide opportunities to share lessons learned and best practices.
The Romanian Ministry of Defense has adopted a National Action Plan, applicable until 2024, aimed at implementing the WPS agenda. The Plan takes into account the increasing number of women in military operations outside the national territory, and recognizes the need for enhanced cooperation with various stakeholders, including civil society. As part of our efforts to gender mainstreaming, one focal point on gender is appointed within all Romanian military units.
The Action Plan promotes a fair and balanced access of men and women, military or civilian personnel, to operational, executive and leadership posts at all hierarchical levels. The selection of candidates is a process evaluating professional skills, with no gender specification. As a result, we have women who reached the rank of general and there is an increased number of military female staff participating in international missions.
Gender equality, tolerance, non-discrimination, interdiction of sexual harassment and of gender-based violence, are reflected in all military educational programs in Romania.
Currently, 15% of Romanian police officers deployed in UN missions are women. The Romanian police chief superintendent Raluca Domuța, former commander of the South.
Region within the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti, was awarded the International Female Police Peacekeeper for 2015.
Among other qualities, she inspired those around her in 2010, when after the earthquake she was an example of leadership in search and rescue operations. Also, working closely with the Haitian National Police, she supported the development of a gender program and contributed to establishing a one-stop center for victims of Sexual and Gender-based Violence.
Romania has continued to deploy mix-gender teams, especially within the civil and military cooperation units in Afghanistan. The presence of women in these teams was conducive to significantly improved efficiency of operations. It also contributed to the empowerment of Afghan women and girls.
Finally, Mr. President,
We should not forget that, as one participant to the consultations held within the preparation of the Global Study said: “Women, Peace and Security is an agenda that speaks about war prevention, and not about making war safer to women”.
On the 16th anniversary of UN Security Council Resolution 1325, we praise women’s leadership and the critical role they play in preventing conflict, sustaining peace and shaping more effective responses to today’s complex crises.
I thank you for your attention.
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