Statements and Articles

United Nations High Level Forum on the “Culture of peace”

Speaker: H.E. Ambassador Simona Miculescu
Location: UN Headquarters
Date: Septermber 9th, 2014

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Statement of Romania

to the

United Nations High Level Forum on the “Culture of peace” 

Delivered by H.E. Ambassador Simona Miculescu
Permanent Representative

9 September 2014


Madam Vice President,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

Let me start by joining the others in thanking the PGA for organizing this meeting. It is a timely debate, as the global reality and recent developments around the world, including in my region, show us that we all need to increase our efforts in promoting and implementing a “Culture of Peace”.  
We all absorbed the powerful testimony of the Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, Leymah Gbowee. She is such an inspiration for women, and, hopefully, not only women, around the world in their quest for peace and change. 
The Nobel Peace Prize that was granted to her is a clear recognition of women’s role and participation in peace-building. The intrinsic role of women in global peace and security is now recognized, as we all know, following the landmark UN Security Council resolution 1325. The contribution women can make from preventing war to building peace cannot be underestimated. Much greater efforts should continue for developing actions to increase the involvement and representation of women in conflict prevention, resolution, peace building and post- conflict governance.  
In nearly every country and region of our world, we can always point to areas in which there has been progress on achieving peace and women’s empowerment. Yet, this progress has been uneven and the gains still remain fragile. Despite increased global awareness, in many countries there is still a struggle for peace and the rights of women are yet under threat. Intensified endeavors from all of us are needed to finally build peace in everybody’s minds, implying the kind of solidarity that can result only from a culture of peace, non-violence and dialogue.

Ladies and gentlemen, 
The “Declaration and Programme of Action on a Culture of Peace”, adopted more than a decade ago, clearly defines the set of values, attitudes, traditions and types of behaviors that should guide our common work towards achieving and maintaining sustainable peace. 
Romania shares the conviction that the strict observance of international law is a precondition for the adequate functioning of the international community and a peace enabler. We believe that the strengthening of the rule of law has to be a continuous process both at national and international levels. 
My country is a strong supporter of the role played by the International Court of Justice in the promotion of the rule of law in international relations, by applying the principles and norms of international law contributing to the friendly relations among States, and, thus, to the international peace and security. This contribution to world peace is undisputed.
Madam Vice President, 
In our perspective, there is an important link between peace and sustainable development, as reflected also in the Outcome document of the Open Ended Working Group on Sustainable Developments Goals. As our common efforts will continue to define the post-2015 Development Agenda, Romania will continue to actively support the proposed goal that encompasses key principles of promoting peace and security, democratic governance, the rule of law, as well as other goals promoting gender equality and human rights for all. 
A lasting peace cannot be achieved without the participation of all its members, including the younger generation. Around the world, we see young people involved in a wide range of activities aimed at building more peaceful societies, taking part in political movements. Not long ago, the Group of Friends of the Alliance of civilizations discussed about the importance of involving youth in peace building initiatives. The creativity and the energy of the younger generation should be fully valued and taken advantage of in our common quest for sustainable peace and mutual understanding. 
In this perspective, as it was highlighted so many times today, we should continue to foster a culture of peace through education. It is a key component that will bear fruit, as any educational process, in the long run. All actors - at national, regional, international levels, families, schools, societies, civil society – should strengthen their actions. We value and support the activity of the UN system in the areas of increase education and capacity building, particularly in the areas of conflict prevention and crises management, peaceful settlements of disputes, as well as in post-conflict peace-building.

Madam Vice President,
Regional cooperation is also essential to building everlasting peace and good neighbourhood relations. In this vein, during its previous mandate in the Security Council, Romania initiated a resolution on the United Nations’ cooperation with regional organizations, within stabilizing and post-conflict reconstruction processes. Thus, Resolution No. 1631, adopted in 2005, represents the first such document in the history of this UN body dedicated to the cooperation between the UN and the regional and sub-regional organizations. We continue to truly believe that this is a living document we should continue to uphold using also this tool for trying to mend the world’s turmoil. 

Madam Vice President, 
Romania remains thus committed to actively acting towards implementing the Culture of Peace and non-violence, with an emphasis on rule of law, democratic participation, complemented by women and youth civic engagement. Our efforts will follow the path opened by the illustrious Romanian diplomat Nicolae Titulescu, twice President of the League of Nations, by constantly advocating for global cooperation, including at regional level, building bridges of trust and strong cooperation among States, in order to build and achieve lasting peace. In this vein, our actions, here, at the UN, should be guided by Titulescu’s words, as he wisely said : ”Diplomats are soldiers of peace, whose will contains only one word : Continue!” 
Thank you.

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